Fire safety countermeasures for the hottest ancien

2022-07-30
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Fire safety countermeasures for ancient buildings

ancient buildings generally refer to temples, temples, halls, buildings, towers and other buildings left over by the ancients with a long history. They are the crystallization of the wisdom of the ancient working people, historical materials for studying the ancient social politics, economy, culture, art and religious belief, and are the precious cultural heritage of the country. It is of great significance for the study of Chinese history, the education of patriotism for the majority of young people, the enhancement of national self-esteem, the development of foreign cultural exchanges and the development of tourism. As most ancient buildings are of class III and IV building structures, with low fire resistance rating and large fire load, it is difficult to control the fire in case of fire, which is very easy to cause irreparable losses. Therefore, it is the common responsibility of governments at all levels and relevant departments of the whole society to strengthen the fire prevention management of ancient buildings and protect ancient buildings from fire. In view of the fire risk of ancient buildings, we should earnestly implement preventive measures to ensure the fire safety of ancient buildings, which will benefit the present and contribute to the future

fire risk of ancient buildings

the geotextile testing machine can complete the tests of geotextile and strip stretching (220mm, 120mm), geotextile bursting, puncturing, CBR bursting, tearing, holding, geogrid stretching, etc. 1. It is far away from cities and towns, the mountain is short of water, and it is unfavorable for fire fighting. Most of the ancient buildings are tall and remote. They are built on the hillside or the top of the mountain. They are vulnerable to lightning strikes. There is no fire water source around or far away from the water source, and there are few people; A small number of ancient buildings near towns also include fire lanes such as foam packaging or stretch film used to protect goods, because the courtyard walls are tall, the steps are stacked, the doors are narrow, and the sill is not high. Fire engines cannot drive in and close to them. In case of a fire, it is extremely detrimental to fire fighting, and small fires often lead to major disasters, resulting in heavy losses. On the evening of April 4, 2004, the Centennial ancestral hall in Xiashi village, Huajie Town, Yongkang City was bitten by a rat because of a fire. Due to the poor passage and water shortage, the ancient building was swallowed up by the fire, and it was too late to save it

2. There are many fire inducing factors. With the improvement of people's material and cultural living standards and the continuous continuation of various holidays, tourism and religious activities are becoming more and more frequent. Temples, temples and other ancient buildings have gradually become popular places for people to play and visit. Some tourists throw cigarette butts after smoking. Monks and children set off fireworks during large-scale religious activities. The ancient buildings use wood and other combustible materials to build temporary buildings for kitchens and storage rooms. The lighting lines in the temple are connected in disorder or at will, and the candles in the pilgrimage are bright and filled with incense and fog... As long as there is a little negligence, the ancient building fire can be caused. For example, in the evening of February 5 this year, the coin museum of the Southern Song Dynasty almost caused a fire by burning garbage. Fortunately, the museum staff found it in time and the firefighters rushed to put it out. Otherwise, the museum and its cultural relics may be burned together with the garbage

III. wooden structure, group layout, easy to burn even camp. Except a few of the existing ancient buildings are made of bricks and stones, most of them are made of wood. After the fire, the fire spread rapidly. Ancient buildings such as Lingyin Temple in Hangzhou, Putuo temple in Zhoushan and Guoqing temple in Tiantai have a concise organization law in layout, that is, a single building is composed of rooms, a courtyard is composed of a single building, and a diverse group is composed of courtyards. Its scale is spectacular and magnificent. However, because the corridors are connected, the buildings are connected to each other, there is no fire separation, and there is no fire passage in the buildings. Once a fire occurs, it is not conducive to safe evacuation, and it is very easy to cause a single fire to start a prairie fire in an instant, with unimaginable consequences. For example, in the early morning of June 23, 2001, a fire broke out in baopu Taoist temple in Geling, Hangzhou. Due to the inability of fire engines to climb the mountain and the lack of fire-fighting facilities in the Taoist temple, the fire spread rapidly, resulting in a vicious fire in which two people were killed and two injured and more than 800 square meters of ancient buildings were burned

IV. no fire-fighting organization, lack of fire-fighting facilities and fire-fighting equipment, and no self-help ability. The lax fire management of the existing ancient buildings is the biggest hidden danger of fire. There are many ancient buildings valued as "national cultural relics", but the actual situation is that they are unmanaged and live and die by themselves; A total of 402 items in 13 categories, such as temple and miaocai mining, manufacturing, chemical fiber, rubber and plastic, have been listed in the national catalogue of encouraged foreign investment industries and other ancient buildings. Although there are monks to take care of them, due to weak fire prevention awareness and lack of funds, no special person is responsible for fire safety management, and the allocation of fire prevention facilities and equipment is seriously insufficient. It has become empty talk to keep the hair style in a constant order and strict fire prevention management in various climates. The current situation that ancient buildings are not protected against fire demons urgently needs to be attached great importance by relevant management departments

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