Fire risk and fire prevention requirements of the

2022-07-24
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Fire risk of factories and mining enterprises and their fire prevention requirements I. poor fire prevention conditions in buildings

most plants were built earlier than auto parts testing machines with flexible and diverse control methods. They were not planned and designed in accordance with the requirements of the code for fire protection design of buildings. The fire resistance rating of buildings is generally low, and the fire separation distance is not only enough for people like me who have never operated the hydraulic universal testing machine, There is a lack of fire separation (some of them were damaged by people. For example, the practice of Liangzhu foam factory in some areas of Zhejiang Province shows that the fire separation is set up on the fire separation, and the foam is stacked. After a fire, the fire will burn the camp, and the fire facilities are not in place. There is a lack of fire water, and the warehouse and workshop are not separated from each other

II. There are many combustibles

a large number of combustibles are stored in the plant, such as textile production, clothing production, furniture production, food processing, semi-finished electronic instrument raw materials, finished products, etc. they are all combustibles. Flammable and explosive chemicals are stored in some plants. Once a fire occurs, it is very easy to cause the spread of the fire

III. The fire safety management is weak and has obvious advantages/p>

most of the plants are small in scale and are generally not included in the key units of fire management. The legal awareness of the person in charge of the unit is weak, the fire safety system is a mere formality, the fire safety management system has not been established and improved, and the fire safety management is out of control

main fire protection requirements of the plant:

I. The legal representative or administrative principal of the fire protection organization

enterprise is the fire protection person, who is fully responsible for the fire safety management of the unit, is equipped with full-time or part-time firefighters, and establishes a voluntary fire brigade. Large enterprises far away from the public security fire brigade should establish a full-time fire brigade

II. Building fire prevention

the fire protection design of all newly built, reconstructed, expanded and internally decorated plants must comply with the relevant national fire protection technical specifications, and shall be reported to the local public security fire protection agency for review and approval before construction. After the completion of the project, it shall be put into use after passing the acceptance of the public security fire protection agency. A certain fire separation distance shall be maintained between workshops, workshops and warehouses, warehouses and warehouses, and no tents or articles shall be stacked against rules

III. management of fire-fighting facilities and equipment. The fire-fighting equipment shall be set in an obvious and accessible position, and no articles and sundries are allowed to be stacked around. Fire fighting facilities and equipment shall be managed by a specially assigned person who shall be responsible for inspection, repair, maintenance, replacement and addition to ensure that they are intact and effective. It is strictly forbidden to occupy, bury and misappropriate them. Ensure that the fire passage is unblocked

IV. fire source management

striking no fire signs shall be set up in the no smoking area, and personnel shall not carry kindling when entering. It is strictly forbidden to use open fire in the non-smoking area. If it is necessary to use open fire near the non-smoking area, a hot work permit must be obtained, approved by the person in charge of fire prevention, and strict safety measures must be taken. The hot work permit shall indicate the hot work place, time, person who started the fire, on-site guardian, approver, fire prevention measures, etc

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